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and Valerie Perantoni (except portions giving credit to
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property from their 2018 revision of “The War of Lions” are
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CONTINUED FROM KICKSTARTER
Was he history's greatest manipulator?
...Or, did he manipulate history?
(CONTINUED) Filmmakers have NOT snubbed
WWII in Italy.
and Cinecitta’ have neither snubbed Italians nor Italy
on film, but
the topic of WWII in Italy had been influenced by a
powerful sinister force in the 1940s and its effect is
still with us.
Not a paranormal
force! Not even a supernatural event. Instead,
it's a powerful force
who had manipulated history during
World War Two. The manipulator was Joseph Stalin.
His motive was to obtain the historical glory of
Adolf Hitler and the Third Reich. He coveted the glory
of his people — as Russia’s avenging protector.
In the final stages of the war, as
the glory that Stalin craved came
within his reach, he tactfully had caused Anglo-American forces
halt in the west – while his Soviet army took Berlin single-handed
from the east. (More below in "crimes,
schemes, & manipulations"
to explain why "WWII in Italy" lacks discovery by
the film industry.)
Likewise, Stalin minimized the Italian campaign's victorious Polish
contributions in defeating
Nazi-Fascism which brought WWII to end
on 29 April 1945 (while
Hitler was still alive) and more than a week
prior to the ceremonies of Germany's surrender, on
May 7–8, 1945.
(See "crimes, schemes, and manipulations" below, for
about why "WWII in Italy" lacks representation by the film industry.)
February to May 1945, Joseph Stalin took many precautions
to ensure that there be neither hindrance nor
intrusion in obtaining
historical glory as 'Savior of Mother Russia',
which he longed for.
He was a man
with lavish strength of mind and intense character
capable to carry out his willpower with a determination of steel.
Translated from Russian:
WHAT OTHERS HAVE SAID ABOUT
JOSEPH STALIN'S MANIPULATIONS
QUOTING LAURENCE REES from “Politics, World War II”
“There is little evidence
that Stalin possessed the slightest genuine
humanity or compassion. Individuals meant nothing to him. A deeply
suspicious and paranoid man,
he would do whatever necessary
for his own survival, including murder men, women, children,
and condemn whole nations of innocent people.
necessary — even be charming. ”
REES from “Politics, World War II”
by all accounts, Stalin was a brilliant negotiator,
winning concessions for the Soviets
that would shape
the postwar world to his liking, while schooling the Allies
in the art of using
force and charm to get one’s way."
"His lack of personal vanity
meant that he could let Churchill
and Franklin Roosevelt drone on
while he silently plotted
his next move.
Whenever Stalin spoke, as one member of the
British delegation noted, it was “very much to the
"Indeed, so outstanding was Stalin’s performance in meetings
that Anthony Eden, the British foreign
wrote that, “If I had to pick a team for going into a
Stalin would be my first choice.”
QUOTING THE YUGOSLAV WRITER MILOVAN DJILAS:
Milovan Djilas, who met Stalin at the end of the war,
said this about Stalin’s photographic memory:
“This made him a very effective spy prior to the Revolution, as
it was not necessary for
him to keep written notes."
a party in Moscow during a bright spot in the war against
Germany, he startled a British consular officer
with his ability
to recite many verses of Goethe's Faust in German from
this same official had read a line of that work
from a small book he was carrying in his pocket (Svandize)."
M. Djilas said:"This memory gave Stalin a tremendous
administrative throughput enabling him to create and
and manipulate an enormously powerful bureaucratic
which his less able successors were unable
to control, hence one reason for the eventual but
demise of the USSR in 1991.” (by M. Djilas)
A CLEVER NEGOTIATOR
comments by historian writers clearly communicate
the fortitude of Stalin's controlling personality in
a positive sense.
Only the top comment by BBC writer Laurence Rees mentions
Stalin's negative traits: murder, condemnation, paranoia, lack
of compassion, inhumanity.
In the same comment, however, he
also mentions Stalin's ability to be charming ... or whatever works.
The other comments written from a positive viewpoint serve
confirm the various documented accounts from WWII stating that
in his controlled
calculated dealings with the Grand Alliance
and with Anglo-American leaders, Joseph Stalin often utilized
charm and positive influence ... with brilliant
But, it lasted only until spring of 1945 when problems sprung from
disagreements about Wehrmacht units on the western front
surrendering to Anglo-Americans ... and other
German units going
to surrender in the west to avoid being captured
by the Red Army.
That's when Joseph Stalin finally disclosed his true image to his
Anglo-American Allies. It was the time which followed
more disagreement over the infamous Betrayal
Winter and Spring of 1945 was the period during which the original
"Uncle Joe" of the Grand
Alliance known for his brilliant negotiations
with positive influence and occasional charm ...
... ceased to exist, and never returned.
In July, at the Potsdam conference, Joseph Stalin was regarded
suspicion by U.S. President Harry Truman who saw him in the image
of the Communist Dictator
of the Soviet Union that would be known
by the rest of the world in the Cold War years to follow.
In time, Joseph
Stalin's image would be disclosed as a 'Cruel Tyrant'.
'SAINT JOSEPH STALIN'
Stalin was determined to obtain 'sacred glory' at all
costs, to make his name
immortal among Russian people.
His mission for 'sacred
glory' is accurately manifest in the
voluminous history about ‘Stalin
'Stalin Worship' is
factual truth. It was everyday truth in the
20th century, as it continues to be in our 21st century.
Worship’ had been seeded in the 1930s, it fully matured
in the 1940s and it continues strong even
today. Joseph Stalin’s
name reached conceptual immortality as groups and nations
have attached titles of veneration to his name. Titles
"Father of Nations“ – “Guiding Star” –
“Wise Inspirer” etc.
Worshipers gave him titles even after his death.
— Sacred titles
that are used even today —
outside the realm of 'Stalin Worship' have observed that
Stalin the “All-Powerful - All Knowing - Omnipresent World Leader”
characteristics intensely skilled in influencing
people. In this way, he had influenced groups and
nations thru his
personality – and his
name continues promoting his personality
even after his death — as the dominant
saint of atheism.
But, what does this have to do with ‘WWII in Italy’
lacking representation from the film industry?
The answer is with Joseph Stalin's record
diplomatic manipulations during WWII.
Highlights: He marginalized the
history of Polish warriors as
Italy's gallant liberators and he exploited their achievements
Italian campaign. Why? Stalin's hate for Poland dates
back to his
defeat in the 1920 Polish-Soviet War. Moreover,
the heroic actions of the Polish 2nd Corps in liberating Italy,
coupled with their famous victories defeating Nazi-Fascism,
with Stalin's underhanded plans to make Poland
become his 'captive nation' in post-war Europe.
Above all, the distinguished
triumphs and festive victories of
noble Polish warriors were in direct conflict with Stalin's
quest for independent
historical glory as
— the Savior of Russia —
CRIMES – SCHEMES – AND MANIPULATIONS
– in 1945 Joseph Stalin diverted the world's attention to
the war's conclusion in north Europe focusing on
Battle for Berlin. This way, he stifled Poland's contributions
in the Italian campaign, suppressing the battlefield actions
of noble Polish fighters in
defeating Italy's Nazi-Fascism
and liberating Italy, during which the Polish 2nd Corps
gave the Third
Reich its lethal blow – directly in the
"soft underbelly" of Hitler's "Fortress
AND CRAFTY EXPLOITATIONS
DURING WORLD WAR II
Joseph Stalin was the
'other' villain who in 1939 had
deviously conspired for a criminal assault on
Adolf Hitler's mighty War Machine, combined with his own
Soviet Red Army. Together
with Hitler, he manipulated
popular opinion by disguising their conspiracy as a
"non-aggression pact" — but really instead, it was an
underhanded plan of aggression to plunder and annihilate
Poland using their two aggressive and violent armies.
It was the invasion that triggered WWII.
Soon after Hitler's double-cross "Operation Barbarossa" in
June 1941, Joseph Stalin needed a new image and new
friends. But, as Hitler's partner in crime, he was an enemy
to most of the world. In spite of it, however, he cleverly
manipulated world opinion again in 1941, positioning
himself as one of the Grand Alliance ‘Big3’ and promoting
his transformation to his
new image on magazine
covers everywhere ... as the friendly “Uncle Joe.”
From 1941 to 1943, "Uncle Joe" Stalin’s main goal was
to achieve a combat-active second front in the west.
Its purpose would be to crush Nazi-Germany
Soviet Red Army in the east and Allied forces in the west.
charming “Uncle Joe" obtained his second front
from Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt using
brilliant negotiation skill - and persuasion - winning
their consensus and their compromises.
Russia's new Allies defeated Axis
enemies in north Africa.
Then in Sept 1943 the invasion
of Italy starts warfare with
the Wehrmacht in western Europe – winning all battles on
and other enemy encounters also – this way,
second front that Stalin had pled
for is finally achieved in early 1944 as
push Wehrmacht units into their primary line of defense
from where their final retreat will begin in May 1944.
The Wehrmacht's "Gustav
line" was their dominant line of
defense in southern Italy where German units regrouped
with Allied landings and other engagements
with Allied Forces. It became fully consolidated for German
defense as Wehrmacht units retrograded between January
and May 1944. During that period Allied assaults defeated
the German stronghold on Monte Cassino and broke thru
the Gustav line, moving Stalin's combat-active
front northward ... on the tail of retreating Germans.
From May 1944 to April 1945 the British 8th Army gained
a string of
celebrated victories won by their distinguished
Polish Second Corps. It
was a 12-month period of laudable
combat actions that advanced Allied Forces to Mussolini's
northern Italy where defeated Germans were trying
to escape thru Alpine mountain passes, while others units
were grouping to surrender.
the chronicles of victory about how Stalin's
combat-active second front in
north Italy became
a powerful western battlefield in April 1945 and it
would cause the fall of Hitler's
Nazi Third Reich
only a few weeks later.
The power of the victorious western battlefield came from
and fearless Polish warriors who, together with
vast number of sacrificed brothers, defeated a
superior German stronghold and liberated
as they pursued German forces in retreat.
JOE SHOWS HIS OTHER SIDE IN 1944
The defeat of Nazi Germany had been unveiled at the
legendary battle on Monte Cassino. A distinguished
victory by the British 8th Army's Polish 2nd Corps.
Joseph Stalin should've
been elated about it.
But he was not. It troubled him. But why?
What's eating "Uncle Joe Stalin" ??
His false image as the benevolent “Uncle Joe”
began gradually ceasing to exist in 1944 soon after Polish
Forces made their debut
in the Italian Campaign.
notable victory in the Battle of Monte Cassino in
May 1944 raised Stalin's concern to suppress the
increasing prominence of the Polish 2nd Corps.
distinguished battlefield bravery would triumph
into a string of victories for the Italian campaign that
eventually caused the defeat of Nazi-Fascism and
initiate the total fall of Hitler's Third Reich.
The true status of 'Uncle Joe' as Foe to Allied Forces
western nations, starts to become apparent
in the late months of 1944 - and then it becomes
in early 1945 ...
... and it's all negative from there.
Although Joseph Stalin's original goal for a combat-active
second front is being met — and even though it's being
met with distinguished
military nobility of fearless
soldiers of the British 8th Army, it's
"Uncle Joe Stalin" from the day the Polish flag had
over the ruins on Monte Cassino.
IS ANNOYED BY THE MILITARY
HONORS AWARDED TO POLISH 2ND CORPS.
Clearly, he's NOT annoyed by the constant British victories.
What aggravates him is that
victories are being attributed
to Polish troops ... as
if Poland was winning the war!
why not? After all, it had been Poland's war the
day it started on 1 Sept 1939. It became
fight the first day of Germany's criminal invasion.
But, Adolf Hitler is not the only guilty foe of the war.
Stalin had been the 'other villain' who conspired with
Hitler to annihilate Poland – Now,
the 'Big3's villain.
Would the world remember that a few weeks after
Germany invaded Poland from the west
on Sept 1st,
the Soviet Army rolled in from the east on the 17th?
Now in 1944, more than five years later, the press
reports that Poland is retaliating with honor ...
... to Adolf Hitler's 'Nazi War Machine.
Moreover, inspiration resulting from celebrated victories of
the valiant Polish 2nd Corps had embraced new Allied units
across the Alps, and also
... the 'Polish Forces of the West.'
At the same time, intrepid combat of brave Polish warriors
had disheartened and weakened the guilty hearts of
tired German troops – now in retreat all
And while the general mood of his
western Allies was one
of high spirits, Stalin instead was
aggravated by the
fame and notoriety credited to heroic Polish troops.
that many had formerly been his slaves
in Siberian prisoner camps and in his work gulags and
he was certain that they would be his rival enemies.
Would taking part in defeating Hitler's Nazi
Stalin's Soviet Union some redemption? Surely not from
men of good sense. But, like Hitler, Stalin relates neither
to redemption nor good sense. Instead, in 1944 Stalin's
cares were that reports of Polish heroism in his war for
Russia would be in conflict with his post-war vision
of having Poland in captivity. Above all, Polish heroism
would be a failing of the 'sacred glory' that he treasured.
UNMASKING "UNCLE JOE" IN
In northern Italy there's 'victory' in
By January 1945 the Anglo-American western front has
become an arduous crushing barrier to German movement
and resupply. The front in north Italy has succesfully met
original goal as planned in 1939 with Joseph Stalin.
Now, the Third Reich is limping backwards
positions on all fronts ... and Stalin has a new goal.
Having achieved a devastating western
front, now Stalin is
focusing on making
the forthcoming victory over Germany
to be a 'Glorious Victory' for Russia and an awful disgrace
for Germany. To this end, he manipulates
finale of WWII to the advantage of the Soviet Union.
Early in February the fall of Hitler's Third Reich is gradually
showing to be an obvious reality to Allies and foes alike.
that a 'Total Victory' should
belong exclusively to the Soviet Union.
By mid-March Berlin seems to be
within Stalin's reach and,
likewise, his vision of a totally exclusive Soviet victory also
seems reachable. A symbolic-political victory in the capital
city of Nazi-Germany is necessary to Stalin for obtaining
the historical glory of having won the war.
Stalin’s manipulations of the Grand Alliance become firm
in April as he resolves to obtain a solo victory
for Soviets in Berlin, single-handed! Persuasive diplomacy
with General Eisenhower succeeds
to allow the Red Army
have the 'solo honor' of taking Berlin — unassisted.
– spring 1945: There's 'surrender' in the air.
But Joseph Stalin raises
angry protests against
2nd Corps & Anglo-American Allies
taking a separate German surrender.
being captured by the Soviet Union's Red Army,
German commanders in the west are having 'secret talks'
(with hopeful negotiations) about
surrendering their units
to Western Allies in Italy. The talks go on secretly.
In April harassments by US Air Corps isolate Wehrmacht
by cutting-off their movement and resupply routes.
secret talks slowly progress from
'negotiated surrender' to accept unconditional
The talks are still kept secret from the Soviets.
Stalin suspects the possibility of German surrender
to Anglo-Americans and he becomes vigilant to
any surrender being made separately with western Allies.
Stalin's greatest apprehension is
of German unit commanders surrendering to
the Polish 2nd Corps in the battlefield.
Gossip circulates the Red
Army about Wehrmacht units
avoiding Soviet capture by heading west to surrender.
Joseph Stalin to mistrust Anglo-American
commanders, thus raising his suspicions that a possible
surrender might soon be happening in the west ...
from the Soviet Union.
'UNCLE JOE' CEASES TO EXIST
Stalin is not friendly anymore!
The thought of Poland being credited with
surrender exasperates Stalin, thus provoking him to
curb Polish prominence by any
In April, as the reality of an expected German surrender
in the west increases, Joseph Stalin tactfully persuades
the Anglo-American command that Polish units should
neither acquire a surrender nor be present at one.
Stalin's final manipulations.
history to suit his personal desires.
His influence had altered the expected outcome of
the war causing Allied units to halt at the Elbe River
so that the Soviets might
take Berlin single-handed!
He also influenced the Anglo-American command
Italy to halt Polish forces
at the Po River after they
had successfully beaten the Wehrmacht in Bologna.
These were the brave Polish 2nd Corps of General
Wladyslaw Anders being prevented
the Lombardy plain in their triumphant pursuit of
defeated German units who were
to escape thru Alpine mountain passes.
Polish 2nd Corps were held back from
their pursuit of defeated Wehrmacht units because
Joseph Stalin wanted to prevent Germans from
surrendering to General Anders'
Soon to be posted how Joseph Stalin's influence on
the Italian Campaign has endured to this
The Italian Campaign's perspective of WWII
is very interesting and it comes with
fascinating social-cultural wartime events,
both military and civilian human interest.
It's a goldmine
of unexploited history
and many other resources for film.
The War of Lions / Reprisal of Lions
fills a large void in this genre.
(More to be continued)
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